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Saturday, May 31, 2003

Another slap to the human dignity..
After enjoying a long period of vigilated "liberty",during which she continued her struggle, Burma's Nobel Peace Prize Aung San Sou Kyi has been again arrested by the military forces of the military regime of Burma.
She already said that she and her opposition movement will continue to fight for the freedom and democracy in all the non-violent means.
She announced that she is ready to do the hunger strike..
Today,some hundreds of students clashed with the police.
But we are sure that, if the world community does something,she will be soon free and can continue to battle for liberty..
Long Live Aung !
Liberty and Democracy for Burma!
Visit www.amnesty.org to know more about this.
Last day, there has been the usual show "Pavarotti & Friends", with Luciano Pavarotti and some italian and international singers together for a noble cause, promoted by the Unicef. This year , the show was for the Iraqi children and the refugees who are trying to return home.
Some iraqi children, along with italian and foreign , singed with Pavarotti.
As usual, Bono Vox of the U2 singed with Pavarotti , his dear friend.
For the first time,Bono recognized that Bush is helping Africa . He thanked him and also thanked our prime minister Berlusconi for his policy of compassion towards the poor countries. Italy announced the lifting of the foreing debt on some african countries..
This is a right step towards concrete action to alleviate the suffering of the poors.
One thing Bono forgot to tell : in Africa there are so many dictators who spend the money got from the Western countries to declare stupid civil wars against other countries.
So, debt forgiveness should be accompained by a request of democratization and liberalization of those societies.. No one can pretend that without the burden of the foreign debt, these countries can solve their problems. No at all. Till there will be corrupt and despotic leaders cannot exist development.
After the indipendence from the foreign colonizers, African nations should had to changed their condition, but nothing happened and they are maybe poorer than under colonizers. I don't mean that colonialism is right, not at all ! But the african leaders have shown their peoples that there has been change and they kep their corrupt and despotic regimes.. I am sure that if they had democratized and liberalized their societies soon after the indipendence, maybe African would be a better place.. This is my opinion, but i think it's the everyone's opinion..
Also,no one should forget the rude role that the Soviet Union had in the exportation of the Soviet model in Africa. It financed and helped to arm the local guerrillas and established puppet dictators , contributing to impoverish the countries..
The West,Europe and France in particular, had its guilts. But most of these guilts belong to the Soviets and their followers.
However, France is continuing to colonize Africa,sending its troops to finance rebels.. The war that France did not fight in Iraq, it is fighting it in Africa.
So why does Belgium want to try Tommy Franks ( who freed a people ) and not Chiraq for what he is doing in Africa?????
Nothing to suprise of . Begium is a puppet of the French-German axis who wants to dominate the EU.. However, Italy , during its upcoming 6-month-long EU presidency, wants to break this hegemony and try to unite Europe to the United States..
The New Europe, specially the former communist countries,needs to count more ..
Unfortunately, Prodi and his friends the French and the Germans , would like to avoid this.. But he will be not sucessful..
Some girls say that Ricky Martin is not as beautiful as before , since he changed look..
Well, i disagree. He is always the most beautiful and his songs also.
His new song,"Jaleo" is wonderful. As always, a mix of cuban salsa and pop.
I saw him dancing, he is too sexy!
I decided to buy his CD. His songs make the summer more funny and beautiful. As a summer-lover, i cannot have fun without his songs !
I speak spanish very well. Yo hable espanol muy bien .
I can say that all of his songs, i repeat,ALL,are beautiful... There is no one song that is not wonderful.
So, Dame Jaleo !
lol...

www.rickymartin.com ( His official website)

Wednesday, May 28, 2003

Today is a historic day for all those who love the football . For the first time, two italian teams played with each other at the final of the Champion's League ..
MILAN won the Champion's League!!!!!!!!
Long Live Sheva , who is not only beautiful , but also a great player!!
At the Manchester stadium was our Prime Minister, former President of Milan and now a simple but strong supporter ....
Anyway, God Bless Sheva!!

www.acmilan.com ( Milan football team's website )
After the usual strikes by the conservative labor unions in Europe, against any form of reform and modernization,even in France there has been a strong mobilitation .
Finally, the French govt approved today the reform of the welfare, including the pension reform. This is a big step towards a more modern europe.
Within this year , Italy will propose a "Maastrich of the Welfare " and is ready to do the above reform. Surely we will have so many demonstrations here against this reform , by the usual conservative labor unions... They will try every thing to block the process of reform and modernization by Berlusconi's govt.. But they will be sucessful because they are defending their priviledges ..
It's time for our country to become modern and competitive. We need huge reforms to our economy to grow, as the leader of the Italian Industrialists said.

www.governo.it ( Italian govt )
www.forza-italia.it ( Forza Italia political party )
www.eppe.org ( European People's Party )

Unbelieveble!! Bush called for sanctions against Israel if it blocks Roadmap !
Take a read to this:



U.S. threatened sanctions if Israel blocked 'Roadmap'



SPECIAL TO WORLD TRIBUNE.COM
Wednesday, May 28, 2003
The Bush administration has prepared a list of sanctions against Israel should it refuse to comply with a plan for a Palestinian state by the end of the year.

U.S. government and congressional sources said the list was prepared by the State Department and relayed to the National Security Council in April amid the administration's effort to press Israel to agree to the so-called roadmap. The roadmap, drafted by Washington as well as the European Union, United Nations and Russia, calls for an end to the Israeli-Palestinian war and the establishment of an interim state in 2003.

The sources said the State Department's proposed list of sanctions included an examination of the use of U.S. weapons in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.



Let's read this to all the pro-palestinian leftist activists here in Europe, so they will stop to tell that America supports Israel without any condition..
And let's go to tell it to Bin Laden and let's see if he will stop his attacks..
However, Bush should threat sanctions even against Palestinians if they block the Road Map. It's important that America raised the voice on Israel, but it must do so even with the Palestinians.
However, i am more convinced that Bush is the best U.S. President.

www.whitehouse.gov
www.wnd.com ( World Net Daily )
www.aei.org ( The American Enterprise Institute )-

Friday, May 23, 2003

We still are shocked by the terrible earthquake who hit Algeria.
More than 1500 dead till now. It's a catastroph.
Italy soon sent all the necessary humanitarian relief through the Red Cross and the govt's Civil Protection.
The govt soon sent the condolences message to Algerian President .
Fortunately, i did not yet hear anyone as saying that the Americans did this...
But the stupids always are there.
The stupid's mother always get pregnant!

Links: www.forza-italia.it ( Forza Italia political party )
www.governo.it ( the official site of the italian govt )

Pope said that the abortion is a crime against the humanity and peace cannot be there if one woman does the abortion.
This is the last hypocrisy of the Catholic Church.
Denying a woman to take a free choice is a violation of the individual liberty.
Of course, it's necessary to campaign against this bad pratice and its risks , but no one can deny a woman of its sacred right to her free choice.
Individual liberty must be respected unless it violates the rights of another person.
And i don't think that abortion at the first 2 months of pregnancy is a crime, as no baby is there yet.
One of my dearest friends was forced by the circustances to abort and i don't think that she is a criminal!

Yes to individual liberty!!

www.vatican.va

Thursday, May 22, 2003

-I have found thia article i think you'd like to read .Written by the Iranian pro-Western journalist Amir Taheri on the New York Post.


APARTHEID SAUDI-STYLE
by Amir Taheri

May 22, 2003 -- SOME have claimed that the recent terrorist attacks in Saudi Arabia and Morocco are fruit of the recent liberation of Iraq. Not at all. The attacks have their roots in the two monarchies' domestic problems in dealing with terrorism and the continued repression of religious and ethnic minorities in both kingdoms. One example of discrimination against minorities is related to Saudi Arabia's Shi'ite community.
Officially, they do not exist. In reality, however, Shi'ites account for 15 percent of the kingdom's population of 20 million.

Last month, their existence was tacitly acknowledged when the state media briefly reported a meeting between a delegation of Shi'ites and the kingdom's de facto ruler, Crown Prince Abdullah.

Those who took part in the meeting say they are bound by a vow of secrecy. But they also say that the talks, which lasted for almost four hours, were held in "a positive atmosphere."

In any case, the Shi'ites appear determined to come out of the closet as it were, and to claim equal citizenship rights. The latest sign of their determination came last Saturday, when they published a petition signed by almost 500 business, cultural and social leaders of the community.

Addressed to the crown prince, the petition calls on the government to set a national committee to propose "urgent measures" to remove all discrimination against Shi'ites and other religious minorities. The petition refers to the "historic changes in the region," presumably meaning the war to liberate Iraq, and urges the authorities to "adapt to new circumstances."

Concentrated in the oil-rich province of Al-Sharqiyah, Saudi Shi'ites form a good part of the kingdom's urban middle class. They are also strongly present in the liberal professions and the private business sector.

Yet of the top 400 government positions, only one is held by a Shi'ite undersecretary of state. Of the 120 members of the all-appointed Saudi Parliament, only two are Shi'ites.

Worse still, the official theological organs of the state, exclusively held by clerics from the Hanbali Sunni school of Islam, publicly castigate Shi'ites as non-Muslims. Courts, controlled by the Hanbali clerics, do not admit testimony by Shi'ites. The same clerics have banned marriages between Hanbali Sunnis and Shi'ites and declared all Shi'ite marriages as "illegal."

The Shi'ites insist that the Hanbalis (often wrongly known as Wahhabis) do not represent the overwhelming majority that they claim. "Saudi Arabia is a far richer mosaic of religious beliefs than many people imagine," says a Jeddah scholar.

But even the Sunni majority, some 70 percent of the population, is not monolithic. Hanafi and Shafei Sunnis are probably the majority in the Red Sea provinces of the kingdom. (The situation is complex because many heterodox individuals, and at times whole villages and towns, practice taqiyah, dissimulation, to escape persecution and discrimination by the majority.)

Saudi state policy towards the Shi'ites has varied between benevolent neglect and active repression.

The late King Faisal removed many restrictions against the Shi'ites in the 1960s. But in the 1980s agitators from Iran tried to mobilize Saudi Shi'ites in support of a Khoeminist version of their faith. They failed, but their presence gave the hard-line Hanbali clerics a pretext for seeking new restrictions on Shi'ites. Some Saudi Shi'ites fled into exile, mostly to Iran and Britain. In 1987, however, King Fahd Ibn Abdel-Aziz persuaded most of the exiles to return home in exchange for reforms.

With the rise of militant Hanbalism, one version of which is represented by Osama bin Laden, Shi'ites have emerged as the royal family's strongest supporters - for if the Al Saudi dynasty is toppled, its place would be taken by fanatics like bin Laden, who publicly state that Shi'ites must convert to Hanbalism, leave the country or face death.

Some radical bin Ladenists have used the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq as a pretext for fomenting violence against the Shi'ites. They claim that the Taliban and Saddam Hussein both fell because Shi'ites cooperated with the United States. Some hard-line preachers told mosque congregations that the ultimate aim of the Shi'ites is to "destroy Muslim Arab states in the interest of the United States, Israel and Iran."

Such is the hatred of the Hanbali clerics for Shi'ites that they have issued an edict that humanitarian aid collected for Iraq should not be distributed among Iraqi Shi'ites.

Conspiracy theorists have been spreading anti-Shi'ite rumours for months. One such rumour is based on a partial reading of a report presented by the French-born scholar Laurent Murawiec to the National Defense Board in Washington last year. In the report, which was rejected by the board, Murawiec urged the United States to use military force to occupy the Saudi oil provinces where Shi'ites form a majority of the population.

What is the main reason for the radical Sunnis' dislike of Shi'ites?

This writer put the question to Sheikh Abdel-Aziz Bin Baz, then Saudi Arabia's highest-ranking Sunni theologian, during a four-hour, often stormy, interview. Bin Baz was especially shocked by the Shi'ite claim that even the basic rules of Islam could be open to interpretation and re-interpretation. "When the Shi'ites say that Reason (Aql) must be favored over Tradition (Naql), what they mean is putting man in place of God," the blind sheikh asserted. "For us Islam is a truth from the beginning (Azal) to the eternity (Abad). It cannot be something today and some thing else tomorrow."

Such issues, of course, cannot be debated in any useful context as long as radical Sunni theologians believe that they become "unclean" even by shaking the hand of a Shi'ite.

Right now, Saudi Shi'ite demands are modest:

* They want their faith to be officially acknowledged as a legitimate version of Islam.

* They want the kingdom to purge its educational textbooks of "vicious lies and slanderous claims" against Shi'ites. (Some books, often government-financed, claim that Shi'ism was "invented by a Jew as a means of splitting Islam" and accuse Shi'ites of practicing incest and cannibalism in secret.)

* They want legal equality, including recognition of their marriages and admission of their testimonies at all state courts.

* They want the state to allow Shi'ites to own and manage their own mosques, to perform their religious rites, to open schools to train their own theologians and to go on pilgrimage to Shi'ite sites in Iraq and Iran.

* They want the government to open the civil service and the armed forces to Shi'ite candidates.

"It is not normal that there are no Shi'ite army offices, ministers, governors, mayors and ambassadors in this kingdom," says a Shi'ite businessman from Dhahran. "This form of religious apartheid is as intolerable as was apartheid based on race."

It is not at all clear whether the Al Saud family is prepared to risk a direct clash with the Hanbali sheikhs to please the Shi'ites. But some Shi'ite leaders claim to have "strong allies and sympathizers within the royal family."

There is one other factor: Iraq may soon emerge as a democracy in which the Shi'ite majority has the leading role. That prospect, plus the presence of a large U.S. army just next door, has changed the political landscape of the region.


E-mail: amirtaheri@benadorassociates.com


- He is perfectly right. However the problem exists also with the Shiites. Even Shiites cannot be trusted . We have seen shiites in Iraq, Lebaon, Sirya.
All of them are supporting the Iranian regime and hold a huge respect for the image of late Khomeini.
I think that Islam needs a big reform in a moderate and secular sense. This is what many Iranians advocate. Due to this , an Iranian reformist ( not like Khatami ) has been arrested and threatened of death from the Iranian clerical regime. But this reform is very urgent.
Anyway, i heard some experts as saying that the tape of Al Zawahiry may be recorded before the beginning of the US-led war on Iraq. In fact, he doesn't speaks about the recent attacks in Saudi Arabia, Morocco and Chechenya.
Also, experts should verify if it is him or not , since no one saw his face, but only heard his voice without knowing the date. This might be another dirty joke by the controversial Al Jazeera who so far gave voice to Bin Laden and Al Qaeda.
I think that Al Jazeera should stop to send such a messages to the arab public opinion, knowing what is their opinion.
Despite of that, Qatar,its leaders and people are very moderate and secular and pro-americans. They also have ties with Israel. They allow free speech . This is why Al Jazeera is established in a pro-US and pro-Israel arab country.
But this is not the kind of liberty that arab people needs.

Wednesday, May 21, 2003

Oriana Fallaci is the famous controversial italian journalist. She has been very rude with Islam and Muslims. But she also has been rude with the anti-war mob,the Left and the Right.
Recently she has been accused of racism against the muslims by a Swiss Tribunal.
Even who disagrees with her, says that she must be defended bcoz she said what she thinks.
What is wrong when she says that the Palestinians are the worst criminals of this century?
What is wrong when she says that the Syrians are dogs bcoz they occupy Lebanon since 60 yrs ?
What is wrong when she says that the "pigs" islamists in Iran must be all killed by the hands of their people and that Iranian people is oppressed by the Muslims??
What is wrong when she says that the peacenicks are the current allies of Al Qaeda ?
She is right of this last issue, since many communists and anti-american leftists always dreamed to destroy the American nation and Israel. Terrorist leader Che Guevara said a sad phrase that makes think about Bin Laden : " My dream is go in New York and break the skylines with an air ".. Yes, he said like this. For this i say and Oriana is right, that communists are the best allies of Bin Laden! Surely they are happy in their heart when they hear of suicide attacks. Surely they were happy for the terrorist attacks on the Sept. 11th . This has been confirmed so many times. When in Sept. 12th thousands of Italians gathered to express solidarity to America carrying American, Italian and Israeli flags, some anti-global and communists have marched against America and burned American flags.
I dont like to hate people. But this time i have to say that i hate these people. They don't deserve my respect. They are been the worst criminals of the history ( communism killed and massacred 100 million of people ).
I know their sentiments, i have been a communist .
So, Oriana Fallaci is right. Sometimes she is wrong, but on this issue she is wonderful.
We need her words just now that our vision of this world is pessimistic. We fear that a sort of Third World War has begun.
Yes, the global war on terror is the Third World War. But the war has been started by the terrorist on that terrible day, two years ago.
Sorry for writing these bad things.
I hope next writing will be a happy one.
s.lapenna@libero.it

After the terrible wave of terror attacks,i ask myself where the world will go?
How many years it will take to deafeat this evil?
The answer seems difficoult . In my opinion, terrorism may be defeated if the rogue states ( Iran,Syria,Lybia,North Korea,Sudan, Cuba ) are defeated. These states are the supporters of the international terrorism. Without their regimes, terrorism would get no support and for this Al Qaeda might be defeated.
Italy is a great partner of America and Israel in the fight against terror. Despite this , Italian Minister of Interior said that " We must promote the dialogue with the moderate Islamic states." During the six-month long Italy's EU presidency, he said that the govt will promote an international conference for the dialogue between the three monotheist religions. Pisanu outlined that the dialogue will be with the "moderate" islamic states. This means that there will no be space for extremist countries,such as Sirya , Sudan and Iran.
Also, Italy hopes to invite Sharon and Abu Mazen for a peace dialogue. Next 9th June our Prime MInister Silvio Berlusconi will be in Israel to meet with Sharon. He is a great promoter of the peace process and proposed a Marshall Plan for Palestine. He also proposes Israel to enter the EU , since "it is the only democracy, along with Turkey, in a region full of despotic regimes". For this he is very friend with Sharon and Turkey's Erdogan.
The attacks on Israel of these days show how Palestinians refuse the peace and Abu Mazen is unable to handle the situation. Howver, he is a credible leader and must be heard, being very different from terrorist Arafat.
But what will happens if Abu Mazen tries to dialogue seriously with Israel?? Surely he would not find an easy situation.
Sometimes i am very very pessimistic and i think that until the terrorism will not be defeated , peace in the Middle East would not be possible.
Now, where are the so-called "peacenicks"??? They did a great chaos during the war on Iraq , but where are they now that many innocents are dying because of those that hate the peace??
Maybe they don't protest as Americans are not involved in these crimes?? And maybe because the victims are Americans and Jews??
No, dear stupid peacenicks, in Morocco many of the victims were moroccoans !


Sunday, May 18, 2003

A good leader is the Emir of Qatar. He is not only a pro-American and pro-Israeli ( he has ties with Israel ), he is ready to put the country in the road towards democracy. The recent elections have confirmed that Qatar wants to become a more democratic system. That election will give birth to the first elected Parliament and, of course, a multy-party system.
It seems that people of Qatar is very West-loving and moderate. No voices about presence of Qatari citizens in Al Qaida.
The only problem is the biased satellite tv Al Jazeera, who allows Bin Laden to speak to the Arab people.
If Al Jazeera stops to launch controversial messages to the arabs, surely arabs would be fascinated by the BinLadenism.
A key role for the formation of the arab minds is played by the Arab media. It's up to them to change their policy of doing information.
They must not give voice to the extremists and must ban every form of anti-zionism, anti-semitism and anti-americanism.
The very responsability for the corruption of the arab minds is with the media.
Today we have some moderate and pro-West media such as Asharq Al Awsat and Arab News.
Others like Al Quds Al Arabi, are very biased in favour of terrorists and dictators..
Other countries who are ready to change their systems are Bahrein and Kuwait ( who is going towards a multy party system ).
UAE is not a dictatorship , but it violates some human rights. But it seems who now there is more freedom of speech, press and opinion.
Women are free and soon may born a multy-party system.

We are soo shocked by this wave of terror attacks from Chechenya to Riyadh, israel and casablanca..
Terrorists have decided to kill everyone of this world. from westerners to moderate muslims.. everyone is a target for terrorists. i think that the best things to do to fight terrorism are: to break the ties with the controversial Saudi regime. It might turn against the West very soon.. Fight the syrian, iranian, north korean regimes who are the supporters of the terrorists. Terrorists would not work anymore without the support of these nations. There are so many problems still in Afghanistan, as a transition from a Taliban regime to a democracy in a country devasted by soviet invasions and wars is very difficoult. But Al Qaeda has lost its bases there.And lost the support of the Taliban regime. They lost another terror base in northern Iraq ( see Ansar Al Islam ) , who now is under the control of Poland,Spain and Kurds. It lost one its supporter, Saddam Hussein. Palestinians also lost a supporter, Saddam. Terrorists ( who are not only arabs, but also pakistanis, indonesians,somalians,sudanede) support the Iranian regime against what they think is a "threat against Islam" , The Democratic Iranian people " .. Of course without the Iranian mullahs, they would loose another supporter, but i think that they will try to attack the new democracy in Iran, because they hate the liberty and democracy. One exemple is Morocco,going towards a more democratic system. But extremists are always ready to do suicide attacks.
So, i think that once Iran will have a democratic govt, terrorists will hit the noble iranian people. But it will be ready to fight them and defeat them.. Iran will become an important partner of the coalition against terrorism. It will become a part of the "Axis of Good", as all the democratic and peace-loving nations.
Bush said "Freedom is not a gift from America to the world;it is a gift from God to the mankind". If one doubts that God exists ( including me) one must accept this concept. Because the freedom is a necessity for the man. Its need is felt when it is lacking. It is loved when it is known and lived. One man cannot live without liberty.
Liberty is like the hoxygen; if you don't have it you die.
Liberty may have so many meanings. Liberty is freedom from necessity, freedom from fear , etc..
Without liberty there cannot be well-being.
Everywhere there is no liberty, you see people living in misery and poverty.
Terrorism kills the liberty.
We must join to fight this evil. We know that we will prevail.
God bless the wonderful Persian people
Long Live Iranian students, workers and teachers!!
s.lapenna@libero.it

Schumi is a hero!! He always wins the Great Prize of Formula One.
Ferrari is the most prestigious car of the world.
But Schumi is more than a hero.. He wins even when he is not ok..
Schumi fans from all over the world: JOIN US!!

Thursday, May 15, 2003

China wants to kill whoever get ill from SARS.
Death Penalty will be a "very important step to defeat this virus ".
So one person who gets ill from SARS is regarded as a criminal...
Well done China!!|
Shame on you!

-From NewsMax.com

Michael Moore: A Stupid White Man



Michael Moore openly admits he is a "Stupid White Man."


Perhaps that's why he fits so well in the Hollywood elite.


Moore vigorously opposed the war in Iraq, even as American troops were on the line, under fire.


Now, you can find out why Moore is now the King of Hearts (bleeding hearts) in the sensational new playing and informational cards -- the Deck of Weasels.


Check out his card, and you'll see more evidence why Moore calls himself a "stupid white man." He doesn't even know how to say "fictitious" -- a word that usually applies to his "documentaries."


Check out all of the members of the Deck of Weasels in the card set taking the nation by storm, just Click Here.


You saw the Deck of Weasels featured on Fox News. Now you can see them online, and find out about our FREE offer for these great cards.



- I saw in a book shop here in my city , the book of this man . He maybe forgets that he also is a white man. A stupid white man.


Here is the Varela Project explained :

VARELA PROJECT


UNDERLYING PRINCIPLES:


The Constitution of the Republic guarantees all citizens the right to propose amendments for consideration in the juridical aspects and also offers the procedures and know-how to reach the same through a general consensus, the people decides in a democratic and sovereign manner about the amendments to be made and the contents of the same. This current value of the actual laws, that is, the opportunity of containing in itself the key to amend the law and be able to adjust the same to the needs and demands requested to make a better society, may be accomplished if the people that are legitimately capable of doing so, activate such a key.


This civic action proceeding is a binding through excellence amongst a general wish and the judicial and political structures of a society that practices democracy. The functioning of the binding is a sign of a peaceful and gradual capacity of evolution of a society, of its capacity to change and to go forward gradually in a harmonic and gradual development, through the enhancement of a quality of life.


That is why we propose to make changes within the law. The law itself is capable of becoming better in perfection and should be functioning to reach a common welfare with a complete recognition of the human being. But there exists different criterias about the changes needed in our society and within the political environment, socially, economical and inclusive opinions already found over the applicability of such changes or amendments.


The answer is not simple one and demands the good will and a responsible attitude of all Cubans.


Then, are really the changes necessary?


To solve this matter is essential. But a wise and fair answer can only be given a sovereign nation, with a general consensus, in other words, with a referendum.


But, why these questions, these proposals?


By answering these proposals the people gives to themselves the legal instruments to, through the exercise of their rights, practice solidarity and to comply with their duties by having a more full participation in the decisions that affects them, in determining the direction our Nation will take and by creating a better society.


With these foundations it is the nation itself who decides if there should be any changes or not, who will carry out the changes as player and subject of its own history.


We are not offering a project or a perfect model for a society, we are trying to present for consideration the first step to create new and better conditions to a right we all have. This way amongst all Cubans they believe and develop their own project of society according to their sovereign will, commencing with the spiritual values of our Nation and this experience in history and be able to confront the challenges raised by the arrival of the new millennium.


Signing this petition does not mean, in any way, to be in favor or to be associated with any enterprise or group and also does not determine any kind of compromise with the people who wrote it and present it for consideration. When a Cuban signs this petition for a general consensus is exercising one of the rights the present Constitution grants him to request a petition and contribute for a free and solidarity way to improve our society, to seek a solution to the problems our nation is having and to prepare a better future to our children, here, in our own country.


THE FIVE PROPOSALS are self-explanatory:


THE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND FREE ENTERPRISE


These rights and all Human Rights existed before any one would declare them or write them, you and all your fellow man have these rights because they are human being, because they associate and express, defines the true and responsible way of a citizen within society. When in the petition is made clear that the law must guarantee these rights preserving the right to human dignity, to human rights and to common welfare, we are anticipating any wrongful fear against freedom of speech and free enterprise, since no one can exercise their rights by attempting against the human dignity and everybody else rights, including against a common welfare. At the same time no one can say it is actually defending the common welfare by declaring invalid the exercise of these rights, since a search for a common welfare implies working a way of life in society where people are able to completely fulfilled themselves, and this is impossible to a accomplish if the human rights are not guaranteed.


In addition of being a right, there is also the need of a society to have organizations that are independent, no matter if they are temporary or permanent, to be able to give citizens the opportunity to defend their interests, to form part of the State decisions and to contribute in every social aspect and contributing their efforts and initiatives in every field. The majority of votes is not imposed by an order or decree, but should be respected and guaranteed by law because it is a reality that not everybody thinks the same way over something in general or in particular and is a right one has, the fact of being able to interact and express your feelings, according to their ideas and interests, so no one with their own ideas or with any type of conditions can invalidate this right upon others. If law would guarantee free interaction and expression, it certainly will be closer to what the Constitution really represents, the right to express a diversity of actual opinions within the society would be acknowledged, more space for criticism will be opened, creativity would be enhanced, the dialogue, and democracy will become more interactive, the exercise of a general sovereign and therefore the foundations of a National Independence will get more powerful.


AMNESTY


The existence in our country of political prisoners is a result from actions of individuals that act in disregard of the law, like power abuse, arbitrarities and also violation of the law by the authorities. Many have been detained because they practiced he Human Rights to which the present law is not recognized. This step is not a revision, is a step toward an improvement to society that is aware of this need. Reconciliation cannot be given by a decree but if it is desired by our nation and it is clearly stated in the Referendum, granting amnesty, would open, through this act of forgiveness and justice, a new era for a community that wishes so much to overcome everything that was negative in the past and give itself the opportunity of a new beginning. If the Cubans cannot reach an agreement concerning the past, we do need to be in agreement about the future so it can be one in peace, fraternity and freedom, for the welfare of our children.


THE RIGHT OF CUBANS TO CREATE ENTERPRISES


With the approval of this petition we can reach a bigger participation of all citizens in the task of satisfying the needs for a property and service to the population, freeing the human capacity by working to upgrade the level and quality of life, the freedom of people and families and to contribute to the development of a nation.


The exercise of this right within the regulations of the law to seek a common welfare will be a determinant factor in the overcoming of insecurity and instability of the economic activity of the citizens and would eliminate in great scale the illegal expropriations and wrongful possessions of properties, stealing, the corruption of employees and officers, the privileges taken through an abuse of power, the parasitism, speculation and many causes with differences, until now not able to rescue them, between the worker that tries to survive with a salary and the one that through speculations or a position with a certain way of power and authority is living a life economically superior. This opening will be the reason to leave behind improductivity, the very expensive negligence, unemployment in all its forms and the poverty in which more and more Cubans sink in when they are out of options or with a very poor salary, with no real value at all. This poverty and the lack of options is one of the main causes for the desire of many Cubans to emigrate, a phenomena that brings so many disarrangement to the Cuban family. From here on the currency, and with it the salary of workers, would begin to grab its real value.


The satisfaction from the consuming needs of a nation and the control and democratic property by the workers of a production media, does not limit itself to a state property, which is one of, and not the only one, the ways of a social property. The long waiting lines due to the scarcity of things, inefficiency and precariously manner in which we have lived shows the need for an opening of the citizen’s participation in the economic activity, in all matters and property. This opening has to guarantee the right to all Cubans to create private enterprises, either private property as well as a cooperative, as well as mixed enterprises between workers and the State. Will this be more difficult to accomplish as a right for Cubans and amongst Cubans, that what has already being given to foreign enterprises, the right, not only to participate but also to have, in some cases, the whole property of an enterprise, in the same way a law regulates the foreign investments?


Law will be able to harmonize the participation of citizens, in a responsible and creative manner, in the economic doing with a social orientation from a private enterprise, with certain respect toward the consumer, with humanization of the work done, with the guaranties of the worker’s rights and with certain social security. This way the State could have a lot more resources to guarantee, without depending from foreign support, the free services of public health and education and any other type of social services and care and would give them, not as fatherly structure, but as the administrator of a common welfare, to which all citizens contribute, in a responsible manner, exercising their rights and practicing solidarity.


A NEW ELECTORAL LAW


To be able to understand this proposal it is necessary to pay attention to the two key elements of the electoral process:


1. The list of candidates or nomination of candidates, that is, the way it is determined who will be the citizens amongst which the voters will vote for as their representatives, either as delegates or as representatives.
2. The elections. We recommend the study of the current Electoral Law if you do not remember their layouts and analyze this proposal before making a decision.


According to the current law, the candidates for Delegates before the Municipal Assemblies of the "Poder Popular", are nominated by casting votes at public assemblies by the voters of the corresponding district. Nonetheless, the candidates for Delegates before the Provincial Assemblies and the candidates for delegates before the National Assembly of the Poder Popular by nominations given by the corresponding Municipal Candidates, Commission; who at the same time receives proposals from the National and Provincial Candidates’ Commission. The voters, according to the current law do not participate directly in the nomination of candidates to Delegates before the Provincial Assemblies, nor of the candidates for Representatives before the National Assembly of the Poder Popular and in addition, only one candidate is nominated for each position to be a Representative before the National Assembly of the Poder Popular. For example, if one municipality can have five representatives before the National Assembly of the Poder Popular in the election ballot will only appear five candidates and each voter can vote for one, for some, for none of them or for the five of them. The voters cannot elect their five representatives from a bigger number of candidates.



In the elections for Delegates before the Municipal Assembly, the voters of each district select their Delegate voting each voter for one candidate, the one who wishes to select amongst several that are candidates to represent said district.


In what consists the petition we are requesting?


Consists in that the Delegates before the Municipal Assembly, the candidates to Delegates before the Provincial and the candidates to Representatives before the National Assembly be nominated, that is be nominated and selected directly by the voters of the corresponding district through their signatures of support, without any intermediaries and solely in this manner.


That also several other candidates may exist for each of the Delegate’s positions before the Provincial Assemblies and of Representatives before the National Assembly, so this way the voters of each district can have the option to select amongst several the one of their preference, a possibility that the current law does not offer. That the voters of each selected district select only their Delegate before the Municipal Assembly, their Delegate before the Provincial Assembly and their Representative before the National Assembly of the "Poder Popular" and only one in each case, in this way each individual being elected responds only before said voters, that is, to those he represents.


Within a respect toward order and in agreement with the voters, they amongst themselves and the nominated candidates, the candidates, the Delegates, the Representatives may associate and get together with the voters freely and without any kind of intermediaries or guardians, during democratic assemblies and also be able to use all communication’s media, which is considered a state’s property and, therefore, should be at the service of all citizens practicing a freedom of speech. With the approval of this petition we move forward into a Democratic Participation in one of its basic foundations; the citizen’s participation by selecting their representatives and in the decisions of the different sections of the "Poder Popular".

VARELA PROJECT


UNDERLYING PRINCIPLES:


The Constitution of the Republic guarantees all citizens the right to propose amendments for consideration in the juridical aspects and also offers the procedures and know-how to reach the same through a general consensus, the people decides in a democratic and sovereign manner about the amendments to be made and the contents of the same. This current value of the actual laws, that is, the opportunity of containing in itself the key to amend the law and be able to adjust the same to the needs and demands requested to make a better society, may be accomplished if the people that are legitimately capable of doing so, activate such a key.


This civic action proceeding is a binding through excellence amongst a general wish and the judicial and political structures of a society that practices democracy. The functioning of the binding is a sign of a peaceful and gradual capacity of evolution of a society, of its capacity to change and to go forward gradually in a harmonic and gradual development, through the enhancement of a quality of life.


That is why we propose to make changes within the law. The law itself is capable of becoming better in perfection and should be functioning to reach a common welfare with a complete recognition of the human being. But there exists different criterias about the changes needed in our society and within the political environment, socially, economical and inclusive opinions already found over the applicability of such changes or amendments.


The answer is not simple one and demands the good will and a responsible attitude of all Cubans.


Then, are really the changes necessary?


To solve this matter is essential. But a wise and fair answer can only be given a sovereign nation, with a general consensus, in other words, with a referendum.


But, why these questions, these proposals?


By answering these proposals the people gives to themselves the legal instruments to, through the exercise of their rights, practice solidarity and to comply with their duties by having a more full participation in the decisions that affects them, in determining the direction our Nation will take and by creating a better society.


With these foundations it is the nation itself who decides if there should be any changes or not, who will carry out the changes as player and subject of its own history.


We are not offering a project or a perfect model for a society, we are trying to present for consideration the first step to create new and better conditions to a right we all have. This way amongst all Cubans they believe and develop their own project of society according to their sovereign will, commencing with the spiritual values of our Nation and this experience in history and be able to confront the challenges raised by the arrival of the new millennium.


Signing this petition does not mean, in any way, to be in favor or to be associated with any enterprise or group and also does not determine any kind of compromise with the people who wrote it and present it for consideration. When a Cuban signs this petition for a general consensus is exercising one of the rights the present Constitution grants him to request a petition and contribute for a free and solidarity way to improve our society, to seek a solution to the problems our nation is having and to prepare a better future to our children, here, in our own country.


THE FIVE PROPOSALS are self-explanatory:


THE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND FREE ENTERPRISE


These rights and all Human Rights existed before any one would declare them or write them, you and all your fellow man have these rights because they are human being, because they associate and express, defines the true and responsible way of a citizen within society. When in the petition is made clear that the law must guarantee these rights preserving the right to human dignity, to human rights and to common welfare, we are anticipating any wrongful fear against freedom of speech and free enterprise, since no one can exercise their rights by attempting against the human dignity and everybody else rights, including against a common welfare. At the same time no one can say it is actually defending the common welfare by declaring invalid the exercise of these rights, since a search for a common welfare implies working a way of life in society where people are able to completely fulfilled themselves, and this is impossible to a accomplish if the human rights are not guaranteed.


In addition of being a right, there is also the need of a society to have organizations that are independent, no matter if they are temporary or permanent, to be able to give citizens the opportunity to defend their interests, to form part of the State decisions and to contribute in every social aspect and contributing their efforts and initiatives in every field. The majority of votes is not imposed by an order or decree, but should be respected and guaranteed by law because it is a reality that not everybody thinks the same way over something in general or in particular and is a right one has, the fact of being able to interact and express your feelings, according to their ideas and interests, so no one with their own ideas or with any type of conditions can invalidate this right upon others. If law would guarantee free interaction and expression, it certainly will be closer to what the Constitution really represents, the right to express a diversity of actual opinions within the society would be acknowledged, more space for criticism will be opened, creativity would be enhanced, the dialogue, and democracy will become more interactive, the exercise of a general sovereign and therefore the foundations of a National Independence will get more powerful.


AMNESTY


The existence in our country of political prisoners is a result from actions of individuals that act in disregard of the law, like power abuse, arbitrarities and also violation of the law by the authorities. Many have been detained because they practiced he Human Rights to which the present law is not recognized. This step is not a revision, is a step toward an improvement to society that is aware of this need. Reconciliation cannot be given by a decree but if it is desired by our nation and it is clearly stated in the Referendum, granting amnesty, would open, through this act of forgiveness and justice, a new era for a community that wishes so much to overcome everything that was negative in the past and give itself the opportunity of a new beginning. If the Cubans cannot reach an agreement concerning the past, we do need to be in agreement about the future so it can be one in peace, fraternity and freedom, for the welfare of our children.


THE RIGHT OF CUBANS TO CREATE ENTERPRISES


With the approval of this petition we can reach a bigger participation of all citizens in the task of satisfying the needs for a property and service to the population, freeing the human capacity by working to upgrade the level and quality of life, the freedom of people and families and to contribute to the development of a nation.


The exercise of this right within the regulations of the law to seek a common welfare will be a determinant factor in the overcoming of insecurity and instability of the economic activity of the citizens and would eliminate in great scale the illegal expropriations and wrongful possessions of properties, stealing, the corruption of employees and officers, the privileges taken through an abuse of power, the parasitism, speculation and many causes with differences, until now not able to rescue them, between the worker that tries to survive with a salary and the one that through speculations or a position with a certain way of power and authority is living a life economically superior. This opening will be the reason to leave behind improductivity, the very expensive negligence, unemployment in all its forms and the poverty in which more and more Cubans sink in when they are out of options or with a very poor salary, with no real value at all. This poverty and the lack of options is one of the main causes for the desire of many Cubans to emigrate, a phenomena that brings so many disarrangement to the Cuban family. From here on the currency, and with it the salary of workers, would begin to grab its real value.


The satisfaction from the consuming needs of a nation and the control and democratic property by the workers of a production media, does not limit itself to a state property, which is one of, and not the only one, the ways of a social property. The long waiting lines due to the scarcity of things, inefficiency and precariously manner in which we have lived shows the need for an opening of the citizen’s participation in the economic activity, in all matters and property. This opening has to guarantee the right to all Cubans to create private enterprises, either private property as well as a cooperative, as well as mixed enterprises between workers and the State. Will this be more difficult to accomplish as a right for Cubans and amongst Cubans, that what has already being given to foreign enterprises, the right, not only to participate but also to have, in some cases, the whole property of an enterprise, in the same way a law regulates the foreign investments?


Law will be able to harmonize the participation of citizens, in a responsible and creative manner, in the economic doing with a social orientation from a private enterprise, with certain respect toward the consumer, with humanization of the work done, with the guaranties of the worker’s rights and with certain social security. This way the State could have a lot more resources to guarantee, without depending from foreign support, the free services of public health and education and any other type of social services and care and would give them, not as fatherly structure, but as the administrator of a common welfare, to which all citizens contribute, in a responsible manner, exercising their rights and practicing solidarity.


A NEW ELECTORAL LAW


To be able to understand this proposal it is necessary to pay attention to the two key elements of the electoral process:


1. The list of candidates or nomination of candidates, that is, the way it is determined who will be the citizens amongst which the voters will vote for as their representatives, either as delegates or as representatives.
2. The elections. We recommend the study of the current Electoral Law if you do not remember their layouts and analyze this proposal before making a decision.


According to the current law, the candidates for Delegates before the Municipal Assemblies of the "Poder Popular", are nominated by casting votes at public assemblies by the voters of the corresponding district. Nonetheless, the candidates for Delegates before the Provincial Assemblies and the candidates for delegates before the National Assembly of the Poder Popular by nominations given by the corresponding Municipal Candidates, Commission; who at the same time receives proposals from the National and Provincial Candidates’ Commission. The voters, according to the current law do not participate directly in the nomination of candidates to Delegates before the Provincial Assemblies, nor of the candidates for Representatives before the National Assembly of the Poder Popular and in addition, only one candidate is nominated for each position to be a Representative before the National Assembly of the Poder Popular. For example, if one municipality can have five representatives before the National Assembly of the Poder Popular in the election ballot will only appear five candidates and each voter can vote for one, for some, for none of them or for the five of them. The voters cannot elect their five representatives from a bigger number of candidates.



In the elections for Delegates before the Municipal Assembly, the voters of each district select their Delegate voting each voter for one candidate, the one who wishes to select amongst several that are candidates to represent said district.


In what consists the petition we are requesting?


Consists in that the Delegates before the Municipal Assembly, the candidates to Delegates before the Provincial and the candidates to Representatives before the National Assembly be nominated, that is be nominated and selected directly by the voters of the corresponding district through their signatures of support, without any intermediaries and solely in this manner.


That also several other candidates may exist for each of the Delegate’s positions before the Provincial Assemblies and of Representatives before the National Assembly, so this way the voters of each district can have the option to select amongst several the one of their preference, a possibility that the current law does not offer. That the voters of each selected district select only their Delegate before the Municipal Assembly, their Delegate before the Provincial Assembly and their Representative before the National Assembly of the "Poder Popular" and only one in each case, in this way each individual being elected responds only before said voters, that is, to those he represents.


Within a respect toward order and in agreement with the voters, they amongst themselves and the nominated candidates, the candidates, the Delegates, the Representatives may associate and get together with the voters freely and without any kind of intermediaries or guardians, during democratic assemblies and also be able to use all communication’s media, which is considered a state’s property and, therefore, should be at the service of all citizens practicing a freedom of speech. With the approval of this petition we move forward into a Democratic Participation in one of its basic foundations; the citizen’s participation by selecting their representatives and in the decisions of the different sections of the "Poder Popular".


VARELA PROJECT


UNDERLYING PRINCIPLES:


The Constitution of the Republic guarantees all citizens the right to propose amendments for consideration in the juridical aspects and also offers the procedures and know-how to reach the same through a general consensus, the people decides in a democratic and sovereign manner about the amendments to be made and the contents of the same. This current value of the actual laws, that is, the opportunity of containing in itself the key to amend the law and be able to adjust the same to the needs and demands requested to make a better society, may be accomplished if the people that are legitimately capable of doing so, activate such a key.


This civic action proceeding is a binding through excellence amongst a general wish and the judicial and political structures of a society that practices democracy. The functioning of the binding is a sign of a peaceful and gradual capacity of evolution of a society, of its capacity to change and to go forward gradually in a harmonic and gradual development, through the enhancement of a quality of life.


That is why we propose to make changes within the law. The law itself is capable of becoming better in perfection and should be functioning to reach a common welfare with a complete recognition of the human being. But there exists different criterias about the changes needed in our society and within the political environment, socially, economical and inclusive opinions already found over the applicability of such changes or amendments.


The answer is not simple one and demands the good will and a responsible attitude of all Cubans.


Then, are really the changes necessary?


To solve this matter is essential. But a wise and fair answer can only be given a sovereign nation, with a general consensus, in other words, with a referendum.


But, why these questions, these proposals?


By answering these proposals the people gives to themselves the legal instruments to, through the exercise of their rights, practice solidarity and to comply with their duties by having a more full participation in the decisions that affects them, in determining the direction our Nation will take and by creating a better society.


With these foundations it is the nation itself who decides if there should be any changes or not, who will carry out the changes as player and subject of its own history.


We are not offering a project or a perfect model for a society, we are trying to present for consideration the first step to create new and better conditions to a right we all have. This way amongst all Cubans they believe and develop their own project of society according to their sovereign will, commencing with the spiritual values of our Nation and this experience in history and be able to confront the challenges raised by the arrival of the new millennium.


Signing this petition does not mean, in any way, to be in favor or to be associated with any enterprise or group and also does not determine any kind of compromise with the people who wrote it and present it for consideration. When a Cuban signs this petition for a general consensus is exercising one of the rights the present Constitution grants him to request a petition and contribute for a free and solidarity way to improve our society, to seek a solution to the problems our nation is having and to prepare a better future to our children, here, in our own country.


THE FIVE PROPOSALS are self-explanatory:


THE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND FREE ENTERPRISE


These rights and all Human Rights existed before any one would declare them or write them, you and all your fellow man have these rights because they are human being, because they associate and express, defines the true and responsible way of a citizen within society. When in the petition is made clear that the law must guarantee these rights preserving the right to human dignity, to human rights and to common welfare, we are anticipating any wrongful fear against freedom of speech and free enterprise, since no one can exercise their rights by attempting against the human dignity and everybody else rights, including against a common welfare. At the same time no one can say it is actually defending the common welfare by declaring invalid the exercise of these rights, since a search for a common welfare implies working a way of life in society where people are able to completely fulfilled themselves, and this is impossible to a accomplish if the human rights are not guaranteed.


In addition of being a right, there is also the need of a society to have organizations that are independent, no matter if they are temporary or permanent, to be able to give citizens the opportunity to defend their interests, to form part of the State decisions and to contribute in every social aspect and contributing their efforts and initiatives in every field. The majority of votes is not imposed by an order or decree, but should be respected and guaranteed by law because it is a reality that not everybody thinks the same way over something in general or in particular and is a right one has, the fact of being able to interact and express your feelings, according to their ideas and interests, so no one with their own ideas or with any type of conditions can invalidate this right upon others. If law would guarantee free interaction and expression, it certainly will be closer to what the Constitution really represents, the right to express a diversity of actual opinions within the society would be acknowledged, more space for criticism will be opened, creativity would be enhanced, the dialogue, and democracy will become more interactive, the exercise of a general sovereign and therefore the foundations of a National Independence will get more powerful.


AMNESTY


The existence in our country of political prisoners is a result from actions of individuals that act in disregard of the law, like power abuse, arbitrarities and also violation of the law by the authorities. Many have been detained because they practiced he Human Rights to which the present law is not recognized. This step is not a revision, is a step toward an improvement to society that is aware of this need. Reconciliation cannot be given by a decree but if it is desired by our nation and it is clearly stated in the Referendum, granting amnesty, would open, through this act of forgiveness and justice, a new era for a community that wishes so much to overcome everything that was negative in the past and give itself the opportunity of a new beginning. If the Cubans cannot reach an agreement concerning the past, we do need to be in agreement about the future so it can be one in peace, fraternity and freedom, for the welfare of our children.


THE RIGHT OF CUBANS TO CREATE ENTERPRISES


With the approval of this petition we can reach a bigger participation of all citizens in the task of satisfying the needs for a property and service to the population, freeing the human capacity by working to upgrade the level and quality of life, the freedom of people and families and to contribute to the development of a nation.


The exercise of this right within the regulations of the law to seek a common welfare will be a determinant factor in the overcoming of insecurity and instability of the economic activity of the citizens and would eliminate in great scale the illegal expropriations and wrongful possessions of properties, stealing, the corruption of employees and officers, the privileges taken through an abuse of power, the parasitism, speculation and many causes with differences, until now not able to rescue them, between the worker that tries to survive with a salary and the one that through speculations or a position with a certain way of power and authority is living a life economically superior. This opening will be the reason to leave behind improductivity, the very expensive negligence, unemployment in all its forms and the poverty in which more and more Cubans sink in when they are out of options or with a very poor salary, with no real value at all. This poverty and the lack of options is one of the main causes for the desire of many Cubans to emigrate, a phenomena that brings so many disarrangement to the Cuban family. From here on the currency, and with it the salary of workers, would begin to grab its real value.


The satisfaction from the consuming needs of a nation and the control and democratic property by the workers of a production media, does not limit itself to a state property, which is one of, and not the only one, the ways of a social property. The long waiting lines due to the scarcity of things, inefficiency and precariously manner in which we have lived shows the need for an opening of the citizen’s participation in the economic activity, in all matters and property. This opening has to guarantee the right to all Cubans to create private enterprises, either private property as well as a cooperative, as well as mixed enterprises between workers and the State. Will this be more difficult to accomplish as a right for Cubans and amongst Cubans, that what has already being given to foreign enterprises, the right, not only to participate but also to have, in some cases, the whole property of an enterprise, in the same way a law regulates the foreign investments?


Law will be able to harmonize the participation of citizens, in a responsible and creative manner, in the economic doing with a social orientation from a private enterprise, with certain respect toward the consumer, with humanization of the work done, with the guaranties of the worker’s rights and with certain social security. This way the State could have a lot more resources to guarantee, without depending from foreign support, the free services of public health and education and any other type of social services and care and would give them, not as fatherly structure, but as the administrator of a common welfare, to which all citizens contribute, in a responsible manner, exercising their rights and practicing solidarity.


A NEW ELECTORAL LAW


To be able to understand this proposal it is necessary to pay attention to the two key elements of the electoral process:


1. The list of candidates or nomination of candidates, that is, the way it is determined who will be the citizens amongst which the voters will vote for as their representatives, either as delegates or as representatives.
2. The elections. We recommend the study of the current Electoral Law if you do not remember their layouts and analyze this proposal before making a decision.


According to the current law, the candidates for Delegates before the Municipal Assemblies of the "Poder Popular", are nominated by casting votes at public assemblies by the voters of the corresponding district. Nonetheless, the candidates for Delegates before the Provincial Assemblies and the candidates for delegates before the National Assembly of the Poder Popular by nominations given by the corresponding Municipal Candidates, Commission; who at the same time receives proposals from the National and Provincial Candidates’ Commission. The voters, according to the current law do not participate directly in the nomination of candidates to Delegates before the Provincial Assemblies, nor of the candidates for Representatives before the National Assembly of the Poder Popular and in addition, only one candidate is nominated for each position to be a Representative before the National Assembly of the Poder Popular. For example, if one municipality can have five representatives before the National Assembly of the Poder Popular in the election ballot will only appear five candidates and each voter can vote for one, for some, for none of them or for the five of them. The voters cannot elect their five representatives from a bigger number of candidates.



In the elections for Delegates before the Municipal Assembly, the voters of each district select their Delegate voting each voter for one candidate, the one who wishes to select amongst several that are candidates to represent said district.


In what consists the petition we are requesting?


Consists in that the Delegates before the Municipal Assembly, the candidates to Delegates before the Provincial and the candidates to Representatives before the National Assembly be nominated, that is be nominated and selected directly by the voters of the corresponding district through their signatures of support, without any intermediaries and solely in this manner.


That also several other candidates may exist for each of the Delegate’s positions before the Provincial Assemblies and of Representatives before the National Assembly, so this way the voters of each district can have the option to select amongst several the one of their preference, a possibility that the current law does not offer. That the voters of each selected district select only their Delegate before the Municipal Assembly, their Delegate before the Provincial Assembly and their Representative before the National Assembly of the "Poder Popular" and only one in each case, in this way each individual being elected responds only before said voters, that is, to those he represents.


Within a respect toward order and in agreement with the voters, they amongst themselves and the nominated candidates, the candidates, the Delegates, the Representatives may associate and get together with the voters freely and without any kind of intermediaries or guardians, during democratic assemblies and also be able to use all communication’s media, which is considered a state’s property and, therefore, should be at the service of all citizens practicing a freedom of speech. With the approval of this petition we move forward into a Democratic Participation in one of its basic foundations; the citizen’s participation by selecting their representatives and in the decisions of the different sections of the "Poder Popular".





More about the Movement promoting the Varela Project ( remember that it is a movement created inside Cuba ) :

WHAT IS THE CHRISTIAN LIBERATION MOVEMENT?
It was founded in 1988, by a group of secular Catholics belonging to the Parish of Cerro, in the city of Havana. It is a movement with certain Christian inspiration, a political-civil movement, not confessional, in which Cubans with different religion’s faith have become a part of it, that is, Catholics and Protestants, inclusive people that do not have any kind of religion, because this is not a religious movement, addressed only to religious people, the goal of this movement is to reunite all those citizens that are willing to help a nation by defending and promoting people’s right and working toward a reconciliation and peaceful changes in our society.


The Christian Liberation Movement brings into existence its projects and develops them inspired in the evangelic values and the ideas of social Christian. It does not only reject violence as the method to fight, on the contrary it fights against it, carried out by the power itself or between citizens. The Movement constantly evokes freedom against violence, by not using it, nor encouraging it, by not submitting yourself in any way to violence or to act drawn by fear.


What’s the purpose?


* To get a Cuban’s participation in the process of the changes needed in our society. Cubans are the doers, not only spectators of such reality. The solution to the problems of Cuba is a responsibility of all Cubans.
* To start a civic road that would lead us in the accomplishment of changes and therefore be able to demand a respect of the Civil and Human Rights.
* To promote the exercise of constitutional legal rights on behalf of citizens and a highly regard for the same on behalf of the Government and all official institutions.
* A qualitative change of law within the law, FROM THE LAW TO THE LAW. That is through the demand from all citizens, amend the law and the constitution and be able to go forward peacefully, toward a society that supports itself within the right and solidarity, social justice and economic freedom.
* The re-encounter again of our brothers from the Diaspora, an undividable part of our people.
* The Christian Liberation Movement develops a private freedom project that consists of: the practice of freedom of speech, overcome fake and a two-side morale and a recovery of self-esteem and creation of a conscience toward your own dignity and to respect that same dignity in your fellow-being.


An urge to exercise the Human and Civil Rights and Solidarity amongst all Cubans.



What are we doing about it?


* Demanding our legal rights. The Movement is not illegal, the problem is that is not recognized. It is the government who violates the law and Constitution by not recognizing our legal right to exist. We have presented to the Minister of the Department of Justice, by the laws of the Movement as well as all the pertinent documents required by the Corporate Law and we have not received a reply.
* We have filed complaints before the government and the "Poder Popular" National Assembly, with a result of harassment and intimidation from regulating associations.
* Some founders of the Movement, making use of their citizens’ rights were nominated by voters from their respective municipalities, through signed petitions, as candidates to become members of the Council during recent elections. Said petitions were rejected in some of the cases and not even replied in most of the cases, by the corresponding authorities.
* Recently, in December 1998, we brought before the offices of the "Poder Popular" National Assembly, a complaint to review and amend the Electoral Law, since the same was unconstitutional.
* We have prepared an Interim Program, that will serve as a master document for a national dialogue that will accomplish the steps needed to change our society in all respect.
* We are proposing for consideration of the society the VARELA PROJECT


The VARELA PROJECT introduces the first steps that should be given, amending the laws, to open the necessary spaces for a free and responsible participation of all citizens within a political and economic life of a society. In addition, it will guarantee freedom of speech and association, decree a political amnesty for the ones imprisoned due to political motives, amends the Electoral Law and determines the different period of times to hold new general elections.


The VARELA PROJECT clearly defines the amendments proposed to change the laws to guarantee the fundamental rights and be able to commence an economic opening for all Cubans.


THE VARELA PROJECT IS PROPOSED TO THE PEOPLE FOR CONSIDERATION THROUGH A REFERENDUM (art.88.g.) by the Constitution of the Nation that demands that at least 10,000 citizens support a legal initiative for the same to be considered. This implies that our campaign, as a citizen, to gather signatures, in support of a request for a Referendum about the VARELA PROJECT, is a constitutional right.
WE ARE ALL CUBANS, WE ARE ALL BROTHERS AND NOW, FREEDOM


Members of the Christian Liberation Movement



To encourage all citizens
VARELA PROJECT


The Constitution of the Republic of Cuba grants the right of a citizen to present for consideration amendments into the laws.


We introduce to the people of Cuba the VARELA PROJECT


The project proposes amendments to some of the laws so to get this way a start toward the improvement of a society. The VARELA PROJECT wishes to process and help to become a law what are already determined as rights in the Constitution of the Republic of Cuba and which are not being followed.


This project deals with the intention of opening spaces for a free and responsible participation of all citizens during a political and economic life in our society.


We recommend all citizens to support the petition for a Referendum so they, as a nation will decide about this first step of setting an opening. The Constitution of the Republic in article 88g gives the citizens the right to carry out this petition. We hope that the government will respect such right.


The VARELA PROJECT would convert into law, the right to freedom of speech, the freedom of communication media and the freedom of enterprise. Also a citizen’s right to own enterprises, something that at present is a prerogative only for foreigners. It also proposes for consideration an amendment to the Electoral Law No. 72, since the same is unconstitutional. In addition there is a request of a political amnesty for political prisoners and new elections.


The VARELA PROJECT is a road for the Cuban people to walk through it with the truth and the right in solidarity and to see their hopes come true. Father Varela was the man who taught us to think as Cubans, he implanted the first seed in our minds for us to realize the right we have as people toward liberty and sovereign. That is the reason why this project bears his name.


Oswaldo Payá Sardiñas
Miguel Saludes García
Juan Antonio Rodríguez Avila
Antonio Ramón Díaz Sánchez


City of Havana, January 22, 1998


An urgent message : some of the cuban dissidents arrested last month are dying . Some of them are badly ill. hey need medicines and food , but they don't have most of what they ask for. Above all, the need love, care and support from all the freedom-loving people in the world, regardless of their nationality.
Among the dissidents arrested are poets, journalists, writers , human rights activists and economists. They have different political opinion from each others.
Some of them are members of a movement which is promoting a popular referendum which aims to overthrow the Castro's regime and establish a democratic govt with free elections. Fortunately , the main leader of this Christian Liberation Movement ( Movimiento Cristiano de Liberacion ) , Oswaldo Paya Sardinas , is free and safe and he is living in Cuba. He collected some 15,000 signatures from cubans inside the island and many other cubans are willing to join the project. Please support the democratic dissent in Cuba and help them to gain their rights and support their fight .Many of them can have different opinion from yours. Some are social-democrats ( leftists ) , others are liberal-democrats ( rightists ) others Christian Democrats ( centrists ). This doesnt matter . You only must support them.. Cuba is now the only dictatorship in Latin America. Other south american countries turned their authoritarian regimes into a democratic ones.. Now it is time for Cuba to do so as well.
You can visit the site of the Christian Movement of liberation to show your support to the jailed dissidents and to the Varela Project.
you can sign the guestbook or send them an e-mail.
www.mclpaya.org
Freedom and Democracy for Cuba!
No to Castro!
Free all the Political Prisoners!!
No Peace without Justice.

The palestinian suicide bombers , from Hamas to Jihad. have huge support from the so-called "Human Shields" .. These people goes to palestine not to defend the 'poor oppressed palestinians' , but to help them to destroy Israel and the Jews.
I think that Israel should go and hunt for the human shields also , because they also are international terrorists. They also are linked to Al Qaeda, They are a threat for the peace in the world-
I wanna tell to the Palestinians: You don't het my support and i would be ready to do the human shield for the Israelis.
You lost my support. Now i am with Israel and Sharon.

All our govt asks for is that the textbooks respect the historic truth. It asks that they can tell the studensts the whole truth about the crimes and the bloody ideologies of last century.
It's a sacred duty to teach the crimes of the Nazism. But it cannot be ignored what the communism meant for millions of people. It cannot be ignored that 100 millions of people died because of an ideology which aimed to created "the New Man" , which had to be a communist. We know very well the human cost of this experiment !!
But many students here don't know what is the gulag!!
why do the textbooks go towards a only direction?
The answer is that many scholars ( those who write the italian textbooks ) are leftists or communists..

I become a member of a non-profit and non-political italian organisation called Amici di Israele ( Friends of Israel ).. This is an organisation which aim to support the leggittime right of Israel to the exsistance threatened by the new anti-semitism coming from arabs and some europeans, from the far right wing to the far left wing.
My family always gave money to help the Church , but now we stopped to give it money , due to its hipocrysy . Now we give some of our money to the Jewish Community of Italy , a groups of Italian Jews. We remember the great suffering of the Italian Jews under fascism . Then there was a great anti-semit sentiment among the italian fascists ( and also among the communists ) . In the shops you could read "Entry not allowed to the dogs and the jews" or "Don't buy anything from the Jews". These writtens were also in the Nazi Germany. Nowadays we see the new anti-semitism not only from the arabs whom hatred for Israel is well known, but also from the fascists and communists of Europe. They are promoting a campaign of boycott of the Israeli products . They say the same things of the Nazis and Fascists in the 1940. "Don't buy products from Israel ".. This is a real shame. One can agree or disagree with the Sharon govt ( Our association can disagree with Sharon ) , but one cannot express anti-semit sentiments ! We were taught in the schools which remember the Holocaust is a moral duty in order to not repeat more what is happened in Germany and Italy. We were taught that the anti-semitism must be banned forever . But many of these students don't want hear..
We alternative youth must promote a world of peace, justice, liberty and tolerance towards everypeople of the earth , because no one must confuse a govt with a people or a culture.. Above all, we must promote the TRUTH against the lie. The TRUTH is the first enemy of the oppression. These are the values that i will teach to my children .
Many children in the world are taught to hate and kill the other different from him. They are taught to embrace an arm and fight a war. This is the case of the Palestinian children and other arab children. This is the case of the African children. These children are looted of their dignity and innocence. All of us must see the images of the African children injured or mutilated because forced to fight and kill , otherwise they are beaten by the "adults ".
Help us to stop this moral and physic violence. Let the children dream , hope and play. And above all, let the children to study for a better future.
No to arab dictators!
No to African dictators!
Dictatorship is the first cause of the poverty !!
Let's defend the children !
No to the children in war!
Yesterday and before of yesterday were big days for all the football-loving Italians..
Milan and Juve won and will meet with each other in Mancherster for the final of the Champion's League. Personally i prefer Milan to win. It is strange that Real Madrid did not do either one goal.. We are proud of your teams!!!

Tuesday, May 13, 2003

Give a read to thi intersting article on the weekly Standard:


Why We Must Remember the Gulag
Anne Applebaum reminds us how tyranny works.
by Melana Zyla Vickers
05/19/2003, Volume 008, Issue 35



Gulag
A History
by Anne Applebaum
Doubleday, 677 pp., $35



TO THE FAMOUS QUESTION raised by Robert Conquest in his "Reflections on a Ravaged Century"--Are the crimes of the Nazis worse than the crimes of the Stalinists?--I have always been compelled, by filial emotion and family history, to answer that they were about equal. My great uncle, a Ukrainian nationalist, was shot in the head execution-style by Chekists. His wife, my great aunt, spent twelve years in Stalinist concentration camps and another decade in internal exile. My paternal grandmother was imprisoned by the Nazis and tattooed because she "looked like a Jew," and escaped a fate in concentration camps only through the bribing of local officials. My maternal grandfather was taken prisoner by the Gestapo.


Now Anne Applebaum, in the first and last chapters of her powerful "Gulag: A History," takes up the same question. My more elaborated answer, informed by her book, must be: If the Nazi record is worse because its perpetrators more deliberately and successfully murdered their targeted groups, then the Soviet record is worse because its perpetrators have managed to escape the kind of universal denunciation we level against the Nazis.


There's reason to expect they will continue to escape, according to Applebaum. She begins "Gulag" by wondering why, in the Hollywood imagination, in the writings of American scholars and journalists, and in the observations of regular travelers to the former Soviet Union, "the crimes of Stalin do not inspire the same visceral reaction as do the crimes of Hitler."


She blames the blind leftism of a majority of the intellectuals of our era, which has made them loath to condemn a system whose ideological principles they continue to hold dear.


She blames the fact that our society doesn't have a mental picture of Soviet atrocities, because "no television cameras ever filmed the Soviet camps or their victims, as they had done in Germany" at the end of World War II.


And she notes that people in the West generally hold "a firm conviction that the Second World War was a wholly just war" and that to admit "that by consigning millions of people to Soviet rule at Yalta, the Western allies might have helped others commit crimes against humanity would undermine the moral clarity of our memories of that era."


One might also add that the sheer longevity of the Soviet regime eroded outrage against it, and the implosion--as opposed to defeat--of its center of gravity meant there was never any Nuremberg-style victor's justice imposed on Moscow.


Within the former Soviet Union, there are other reasons why the seventy-two-year Communist regime remains unaccountable for its evils. First and foremost is the republic of Russia's refusal to shoulder the guilt. As Applebaum says, "Russia, the country that has inherited the Soviet Union's diplomatic and foreign policies, its embassies, its debts and its seat at the United Nations, continues to act as if it has not inherited the Soviet Union's history. Russia does not have a national museum dedicated to the history of repression. Nor does Russia have a national place of mourning, a monument which officially recognizes the suffering of victims and their families." What's more, across the former Soviet Union, those complicit in the decades of repression remain in power: Thirteen of fifteen former Soviet republics are ruled by ex-Communists. Similarly complicit lower-ranking officials permeate the corridors of political power, business, and academia. Self-protection motivates them to repress efforts to educate the citizenry, present anti-Communist dissidents as national heroes in school textbooks, bring evildoers to judgment, build museums about Soviet atrocities, etc.


The educating is left to Applebaum and the dissidents on whose discouragingly rare memoirs she draws. Her account of the concentration camps, in which eighteen million people spent some period of time between 1929 and 1953 (and millions from 1953 to the fall of Soviet Communism in 1991), is nauseatingly vivid. She recounts the political prisoners' terror and isolation, the brutality of the secret police, the rearrests following the end of a sentence, and the millions of deaths through illness, hunger, cold--or brutally quick execution. I was, as other readers will be, so sickened by the content of the book's inner chapters that I was driven to tears many times. A warning: Get "Gulag" for the first and last chapters, and read the others only when there's time to wallow in sadness for a long time after putting it down.


In a particularly disconcerting section, Applebaum explains how millions of children were either imprisoned with their mothers, or were born in the Gulag. Babies were taken from their mothers to be watched in batches of dozens by rough-mannered nurses. The nurses "took off their nightclothes and washed them in ice-cold water. The babies didn't even dare cry. They made little sniffing noises like old men and let out low hoots. This awful hooting noise would come from the cots for days at a time," wrote political dissident Hava Volovich. Of her own baby, Volovich wrote: "Little Eleanora, who was now fifteen months old, soon realized that her pleas for 'home' were in vain. She stopped reaching out for me when I visited her; she would turn away in silence. On the last day of her life, when I picked her up (they allowed me to breast-feed her) she stared wide-eyed somewhere off into the distance, then started to beat her weak little fists on my face. . . . Then she pointed down at her bed. In the evening, when I came back with my bundle of firewood, . . . I found her lying naked in the morgue among the corpses of the adult prisoners."


Applebaum doesn't chronicle just the deaths of Gulag prisoners, but also the brave and honor-filled survival of those anti-Soviet writers--Ukrainian, Baltic, and Georgian nationalists, Helsinki Watch Group members, Jews, Tatars, Christian clergy--and others who were imprisoned, in that quintessentially totalitarian way, for "who they were" rather than "what they did." She tells of their small, humane acts: their system of leaving books for subsequent populations of prisoners, their knock-based communications between cells. And she writes of their truly unbelievable political activism: their hunger strikes, campaigns of disobedience, and other methods of gaining attention from supporters in the West including, significantly, President Ronald Reagan.


Ultimately, though, Applebaum's message is that in today's climate where the sins of the Soviet Union go unaccounted for, these dissidents are disappearing into the Gulag's snowdrifts rather than rising from them. Toward the end of the book she retells Natan Sharansky's account of how, in 1982, Estonian dissident Harold Kivilio was released after twenty-five years' imprisonment into the care of his only surviving relative, his sister. She warned him not to talk politics and said her family knew nothing of his experience. Kivilio ordered her to stop the car and said, "You don't know me and I don't know you. Goodbye."


If we in America and Western Europe--particularly our educators and our media--don't help those in the former Soviet Union talk often and openly about these politics and learn about these experiences, then we've as much as pushed Kivilio out of the car ourselves.



Melana Zyla Vickers is a senior fellow at the Independent Women's Forum and a columnist at TechCentralStation.com.



- In Italy, the textbooks ignore the suffering of millions of people died in the gulags.. They also ignore the thousands of italians died by the hand of Titus ... They describe the nazi lager as we know them. But regarding gulag they write : " Labor camps ". Nothing more!
What a shame!!


I send my sincere condolences to the freedom-loving American people for the terrible terrorist attacks in Saudi Arabia . Also 3 italians were injured. Being many americans of italian origin, we cannot but feel ourselves americans. We belong to the american family.
Again the American people is hurted in its dignity od free people and in its pride to belong to the oldest democracy in this earth.
Once again, these attacks show how Saudi Arabia is the kingdom of terror , sometimes supported by the controversial regime.. It is a regime who oppress its own people and incites him to the anti-americanism and terrorism. It's time for America to re-think its relations with this state who can well be called a "rogue state" and being included in the "Axis of Evil "..
There are other good allies in the Middle Eastern region, who are really rpo-american and are going towards the democratization of their societies.. these countries include Qatar ( who recently held free elections on a proposal draft constitution ), UAE , Kuwait ( who also is going towards a more democratic system ) and Bahrein ( the same of Kuwait, even if anti-american sentiment is growing among the islamists ). These are the countries you can count on , since they don't have any of their people members of Al Qaeda.
It's time to re-think the relations with some arab countries, except those above, till they don't democratize and stop to support ( even indirectly ) the terrorist groups in Palestine and Lebanon.
God bless the souls of the American victims and protect the italians injured.

Monday, May 12, 2003

Italy needs a true Federalism. The preious center-left govt tried to do a federalist reform. It promised to do it within a few months but it never kept their promise.However, It was a false federalist reform , as it aimed to undermine the unity of our country.
The truth is that they don't either know what Federalism means.
Now the center-right govt is ready to do a true Federalist reform .Having this govt , kept many of its previous promises, we know that this time Federalism and Devolution will be a reality in Italy, a country who still suffers from statalist policies.
Our visionary leader , the only that wants to change our country turning it from a burocrathic into a modern and competitive country , has made it clear on how federalism shoulw be :
" we would like this federalism like it is in the other countries like United States, Switzerland and Scotland , where Devolution and Federalism created more competitive and prosperous societies and everything works very well. With the federalism we will get the Chamber of the Regions which will give birth to the local legislation, leaving to the Chamber of Deputies ( central govt ) the formulation of the state laws. "
despite of critics, this reform will be succesful.

The American film-maker Michael Moore don't loose his occasion to attack Bush. He exploits the occasion of the presidential campaign for the next 2004 elections to try to destroy the Bush's political image and convince the Americans to vote for the Democrats. He must be desperate from the polls showing that the 60-70% of the people would vote for Bush.. Here in Italy also we have so many "Michael Moore ". They are the so-called intellectuals, coming from the Left and known for their hatred for Berlusconi and Bush. One of them, Nanni Moretti, is a film-maker like Moore and uses all the electoral campaign to attack and insult our govt .. He did so during the 2001 election campaign when he and other leftist intellectuals have used the state-owned Tv ( paid by the italians' money ) to insult Berlusconi and say lies on him .. But people voted for him..
These people has no support from people. Now Moore wants to make a movie , produced by Disney, to attacl Bush accusing him of things he never done..
I hope that the Americans will not hear him...
Stefania
Sunday, May 11, 2003

Go and visit this site :

www.libertythink.com/index


I don't know if he/she is an American or not, but he/she must be a terrorist .. Look at the images of that site and you will understand what a kind of person is he/she..
Stefania

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